Torsion of cylindrically poroelasic circular shaft with radial inhomogeneity .some exact solutions for extruder

Document Type: Research Paper


1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Engineering, Zanjan University, Zanjan, Iran


Torsion of elastic and poroelastic circular shaft of radially inhomogeneous, cylindrically orthotropic materials is studied with emphasis on the end effects example for extruder. To examine the conjecture of Saint-Venant’s torsion, we consider torsion of circular shaft with one end fixed and the other end free on which tractions that results in a pure torque are prescribed arbitrarily over the free end surface. Exact solutions that satisfy the prescribed boundary conditions point by point over the entire boundary surfaces are derived in a unified manner for cylindrically orthotropic shafts with or without radial inhomogeneity and for their coun- terparts of Saint-Venant’s torsion. Stress diffusion due to the end effect is examined in the light of the exact solutions.The present study enables us to assess Saint-Venant’s principle as applied to anisotropic, non-homogeneous poroelastic bodies in general and to evaluate the stress diffusion in torsion of radially inhomogeneous, cylindrically orthotropic cylinders in particular. The following conclusions can be drawn from the analysis.


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